Patient safety is one of the fundamental principles of healthcare system. Patient safety is a term used to refer various actions that has taken by the healthcare system to protect the patients from various medical errors such as infections, injuries or accidents and thus to ensure patient safety and quality of services.
Some studies show that around 440, 000 patients die due to the lack of patient care at hospitals. According to WHO 1 in 10 patients in developed countries are harmed during hospital care. Patient safety becomes more important as the healthcare system become more complex.
- Diagnostic errors such as delayed diagnosis or wrong diagnosis
- Infection during hospitalisation
- Wrong medical prescription or wrong dosage
- Communication gaps between hospital and the patients
- Surgical accidents
A weak healthcare system can be a contributing factor of patient harm during hospital stay. Poor leadership and management capacity make the entire healthcare system difficult to manage. Improper infrastructure and limited safety equipment also make the hospital stay unsafe for the patient. Properly trained clinical staff and sufficient medical supervision support to improve patient care.
Here are some possible ways to improve care of patient during hospital stay.
- Give proper training to medical staff
- Maintain proper communication between the staff and the patients.
- Create and implement protocols and policies to support patient safety.
- Follow proper hygienic practices in the system
- Maintain proper coding to identify each patient
- Give proper supervising charges when handling patients during shifts
- Avoid wrong prescription or over dosage
- Proper hospital infrastructure and availability of safety equipment